October 21, 2010 - Akamai Announces Second Quarter 2010 State of the Internet Report

Vickie Chong / April Tsui
Waggener Edstrom Worldwide
+852 2578 2116 / +852 2907 8803
--or-- Mylinh Cheung
Regional PR Director, Asia Pacific
Akamai Technologies (Singapore)
+65 6593 8724

    • Hong Kong, South Korea and Japan home to the fastest cities in the world
    • Hong Kong ranked #2 on global average connection speed
    • U.S. becomes leading source of attack traffic, followed by China and Russia
    • Mobile connectivity improves quarter-over-quarter in most regions around the world
    • China ranked seventh in attack traffic from mobile networks

HONG KONG - October 21, 2010 - Akamai Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ: AKAM), the leading provider of cloud optimization services, today announced the release of its 2nd Quarter, 2010 State of the Internet report available for download at www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet. Leveraging information gathered from its global server network, the Akamai report provides insight into key Internet statistics such as broadband adoption, mobile connectivity, and attack traffic, as well as trends over time.

Highlights from Akamai's quarterly report follow:

Internet Connectivity
In the second quarter of 2010, over 500 million unique IP addresses, from 236 countries/regions, connected to the Akamai network – 2.8% more IP addresses than in the first quarter of 2010, and 18% more than in the same quarter a year ago.

In looking at the "long tail," there were 186 countries/regions with fewer than one million unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai in the second quarter of 2010, 139 with fewer than 100,000 unique IP addresses, and 34 with fewer than 1,000 unique IP addresses. Some of the countries with the fewest unique IP addresses (under 500) connecting to Akamai were Somalia, Sierra Leone, Chad, and Myanmar.

China and U.S. continued to account for the two largest observed unique IP address counts, followed by Japan in third place and Hong Kong in 32nd place.

Mobile Connectivity
As was the case with last quarter, there was a wide range in average mobile connection speeds, with both the fastest (6.1 Mbps) and slowest (115 Kbps) seen on mobile providers in Slovakia. Of the 109 mobile providers listed, 19 had average connection speeds in the broadband (2 Mbps or above) range (up from 14 in the first quarter), while 29 more had average measured connection speeds of 1 Mbps or more (up from 21 in the first quarter). On a quarter-over-quarter basis, mobile connectivity appeared to improve in many places, with users on 95 of the 109 listed mobile providers experiencing higher connection speeds in the second quarter.

100 Fastest Cities Worldwide
Akamai once again examined the average measured connection speed of cities around the world. As with last quarter's report, 'city size' (at least 50,000 unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai) and 'academic network' filters were applied to the data to ensure the most accurate representation. Once again, Masan, South Korea held the title as the city with the fastest average connection speed. Masan's average speed increased by more than 5 Mbps quarter-over-quarter, making it the only city in the world with an average connection speed higher than 20 Mbps. Reviewing the top 100 fastest cities around the world in the second quarter of 2010 reveals the following:

  • Asia continues to dominate the list, with 62 of the top cities in Japan and 12 more in South Korea
  • Hong Kong ranked #2 on global average connection speed
  • Only eight U.S. cities made the list, with Monterey Park, CA remaining as the fastest U.S. city (#76 out of 100), ahead of Riverside, CA; Union, NJ; and Oakland, CA
  • Umea, Sweden ranked as the fastest city in Europe (#20 out of 100)

Global Average Connection Speeds
Average connection speeds globally appeared to rebound from the first quarter decline, increasing on both a quarterly and a yearly basis. South Korea, which ranked as the country with the fastest global average connection speeds, posted a significant growth in the second quarter, on both a quarterly and a yearly basis as well. Hong Kong and Japan ranked second and the third respectively and U.S. remained in the 16th place.

Hong Kong, Taiwan, and U.S. declined from last quarter in their average connection speed, with Taiwan posted the greatest fall from last quarter.

Global Average Peak Connection Speeds
Global average peak connection speeds demonstrated quarterly growth on a global basis, in nine of the top 10 countries/regions, and in the United States. While most of the quarterly increases were modest, South Korea, Belgium and Monaco saw double-digit percentage growth and The Maldives experienced a nearly three-fold increase compared to last quarter. However, the Maldives only had approximately 12,000 unique IPs connecting to Akamai in the second quarter, compared to other countries/regions in the top 10, most with millions of unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai.

South Korea, Hong Kong and Japan remained the top three countries/regions in global average peak connection speeds since the last quarter.

Attack Traffic
The U.S. became the top attack traffic source in the second quarter of 2010, accounting for 11% of observed attack traffic in total. China and Russia held the second and third place spots respectively, accounting for just over 20% of observed attack traffic. China's attack traffic increased from 9.1% to 11% over the last quarter. Attack traffic concentration was lower in the second quarter, with the top 10 ports seeing just over 86% of the observed attack traffic.

Attack traffic from known mobile networks was significantly more concentrated than overall observed attack traffic, with half of the observed mobile attacks coming from just three countries: Italy (25%), Brazil (18%) and Chile (7.5%). China ranked seventh (3.2%), followed by Russia (2.9%), U.S. (2.7%), and Ireland (2.4%).

Fastest U.S. States
The overall average connection speed for the U.S. as a whole in the second quarter of 2010 was 4.6 Mbps. As in the first quarter, this was exceeded by 22 states, including those in the top ten. Both across the country and within the top 10, most quarterly fluctuations were relatively minor. The biggest growth was seen in West Virginia and Rhode Island, gaining 11% and 10% respectively, while the biggest losses were seen in Iowa and Arizona, declining 11% and 10% respectively. Year-over-year changes were more significant, with 11 states posting double digit increases, led by Alaska’s yearly growth of 44%, and 34 states in total getting faster since the same quarter a year ago.

About the Akamai State of the Internet report
Akamai's unique level of visibility into the connection speeds of systems issuing requests to the Akamai network has created a one-of-a-kind view into broadband adoption around the globe. Leveraging that data, Akamai's quarterly State of the Internet report identifies both the countries and U.S. states with the fastest and slowest average connection speeds exhibited by IP addresses originating from those respective geographies. To learn more, and to access the archive of past reports, please visit www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet.

To download the figures from the Q2 2010 State of the Internet, please visit:

About Akamai
Akamai® provides market-leading, cloud-based services for optimizing Web and mobile content and applications, online HD video, and secures e-commerce. Combining highly-distributed, energy-efficient computing with intelligent software, Akamai's global platform is transforming the cloud into a more viable place to inform, entertain, advertise, transact and collaborate. To learn how the world's leading enterprises are optimizing their business in the cloud, please visit www.akamai.com and follow @Akamai on Twitter.

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