Accountability and transparency are core tenets of Akamai's sustainability initiative. We reinforce our accountability by making our sustainability commitments, practices, and progress available to the public.
Our environmental management system is structured on the ISO 14001 plan-do-check-act model and covers our global operations and delivered services. Material environmental aspects and impacts are identified by our office and network operations organizations based on a predetermined significance threshold. A management plan including reduction targets and strategies is developed and implemented for each significant aspect with regular reviews and progress assessments. Our significant aspects and impacts are energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, material consumption, and hazardous and non-hazardous waste. Direct water use is de minimis.
Akamai's Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 inventories follow the World Resources Institute (WRI)/World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, and WRI/WBCSD Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard. Our Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions are independently verified in accordance with ISO 14064-3.
We disclose our targets, strategies, and progress here and in our sustainability report. In addition to this information, since 2009, Akamai has been committed to annual public disclosure to the CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project), providing insights into our climate change management strategy, metrics, and progress. Our most recent annual disclosure is available here.
In 2012 we began responding to the CDP Water disclosure, and since 2015, we have responded to the CDP Supply Chain disclosure at the request of our customers. We also provide requesting customers with a Scope 3 Report that quantifies a customer’s GHG emissions associated with their use of Akamai's network and services. Information about our methodology related to this report can be accessed here and in the Resources section.
Akamai's commitment to and progress on our corporate social responsibility initiatives are broadly recognized by leading rating organizations. We’ve been a constituent of the Dow Jones Sustainability Indices since 2013, in recognition of our corporate sustainability leadership in our industry. Since 2015, Akamai has been a constituent of the FTSE4Good Index Series, a fund created by the global index company FTSE. FTSE4Good constituent companies have met stringent environmental, social, and governance criteria, and are positioned to capitalize on the benefits of responsible business practice. In 2017, Akamai received a Silver CSR rating from EcoVadis. In 2018, ISS gave Akamai a quality score rating of 1 in the environmental category indicating a high quality of disclosure and transparency practices. In 2014, Akamai achieved a position on both CDP’s S&P 500 Climate Performance Leadership Index and Climate Disclosure Leadership Index for our demonstrated commitment to managing climate change by integrating it into our business strategy and taking actionable steps to mitigate climate-related risk.
Because we believe that powerful solutions arise from collaboration, Akamai is an active member of the following organizations, whose primary goals are to promote sustainability best practices and collaboration.